Punctuation and Grammar (PAG)

The grammar of our first language is learnt naturally and implicitly through interactions with other speakers and from reading. Explicit knowledge of grammar is, however, very important, as it gives us more conscious control and choice in our language. Building this knowledge is best achieved through a focus on grammar within the teaching of reading, writing and speaking.Punctuation & Grammar image

Punctuation is important because it can change the meaning of a sentence greatly. We all need to use Standard English grammar to communicate effectively. Using incorrect punctuation, grammar and spelling can change the meaning of sentences, whether spoken or written.

Our pupils need to grasp the meaning of grammatical terms such as noun, verb, prefix, pronoun and adverb. They will learn the difference between clauses and phrases, and be able to identify Standard English (‘I did my homework’ as opposed to ‘I done my homework’ and ‘We were feeling happy’ as opposed to ‘We was feeling happy’). We understand that most parents will be unfamiliar with these terms (as they weren’t explicitly taught this way when we were at school), this is the link to the Government glossary https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/244216/English_Glossary.pdf

Grammar imageChildren need to use accurate PAG to achieve the writing objectives on the curriculum in all years. The assessment of writing for SATs is now based heavily on the correct inclusion of PAG objectives in children’s writing.

Punctuation and Grammar are taught throughout the school in both explicit sessions and to compliment a particular writing focus. At the end of each Key Stage, in years 2 and 6, children sit a formal PAG test.


The following websites have some useful online resources you can use to support your child at home:

https://www.grammar-monster.com/grammar_terms_and_definitions.htm# has grammar definitions and practice tests

Topmarks site has a spelling and grammar section, as well as other subjects: https://www.topmarks.co.uk/english-games/7-11-years/spelling-and-grammar